Weems Gallery and Framing

Art Lesson 101

Types of Paintings

Types of Paintings : Painting is the art of splashing colors with the help of brushes in a certain way to create an art. Painting can be done on almost any surface and they can be digital(on computers) or manual using paints and brushes.  There are different kinds of painting materials like sand, paper, clay and many more. Painting is all about creativity, so artists don’t restrict themselves to only limited medium and materials, it’s an ever-growing process.

There are different types of painting styles, but modern style of painting is the most sought-after technique, it allows the artist to bring forth his/her ideas on the canvas with a mixture of modernism, abstract and surreal techniques. There are different styles of painting like abstract art, conceptual art, Hyperrealism, pop art, Futurism, Impressionism and so on. As artists you can focus on single styles or a combination of styles.

  • Abstract Art
  • Abstract Expressionism
  • Realism
  • Impressionism
  • Surrealism
  • Pop Art
  • Western/Southwestern
  • Modernism
  • Expressionism
  • Figurative Art
  • Art Nouveau – Inspired by Nature
  • Contemporary Art

Abstract Art

  • Abstract art uses visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. Western art had been, from the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality.
  • ABSTRACT art is described as art that is not representational or based on external reality or nature

Abstract Expressionism

  • Abstract Expressionism is a development of abstract art that originated in New York in the 1940s and 1950s and aimed at subjective emotional expression with particular emphasis on the creative spontaneous act (e.g., action painting).
  • Leading figures were Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning

Realism

  • Realism in its specific sense refers to a mid-nineteenth century artistic movement characterized by subjects painted from everyday life in a naturalistic manner; however, the term is also generally used to describe artworks painted in a realistic almost photographic way.
  • What is the difference between hyperrealism and photorealism?The fundamental contrast between Hyperrealism and Photorealism is in the artist’s approach to their work. … While photorealists distance themselves from adding emotion and intent into their work, hyperRealism artists insert narration and feelings into their paintings.

Impressionism

  • Impressionism is a movement of art that emerged in 1870s France. Rejecting the rigid rules of the beaux-arts(“fine arts”), Impressionist artists showcased a new way to observe and depict the world in their work, foregoing realistic portrayals for fleeting impressions of their surroundings—which, often, were found outside.
  • Since its conception, Impressionism has been defined by a set of characteristics. These include painterly brushwork, distinctive colors, depictions of common subject matter, a focus on light, and compositions inspired by photography.

Surrealism

  • Surrealism is a style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious or nonrational significance of imagery arrived at by automatism or the exploitation of chance effects, unexpected juxtapositions, etc.
  • Surrealism aimed to revolutionize human experience, rejecting a rational vision of life in favor of one that asserted the value of the unconscious and dreams. The movement’s poets and artists found magic and strange beauty in the unexpected and the uncanny, the disregarded and the unconventional.

Pop Art

  • Pop art is a movement that emerged in the mid-20th century in which artists incorporated commonplace objects—comic strips, soup cans, newspapers, and more—into their work.
  • The Pop art movement aimed to solidify the idea that art can draw from any source, and there is no hierarchy of culture to disrupt this. Andy Warhol’s “Campbell’s Soup” is one of the most iconic pieces of Pop Art in history.

Western/Southwestern

  • Western Art is the portrayal, in two or three dimensions, of the history, people, landscape and wildlife of the area confined to the western regions of North America, in a highly realistic or realistic impressionist style and is inextricably linked to the culture of the American West.
  • Historically Southwest Art referred to art created by Native Americans of the Southwestern, United States. This is still typically true, but presently it may also include art created by non-Native American artists and artisans of the region whose art is stylistically associated with traditional Southwest art forms such as painting, sandpainting, basketry, jewelry, weaving, pottery, Kachina doll making and jewelry-making to name a few.

Modernism

  • Modernism refers to a global movement in society and culture that from the early decades of the twentieth century sought a new alignment with the experience and values of modern industrial life. Building on late nineteenth-century precedents, artists around the world used new imagery, materials, and techniques to create artworks that they felt better reflected the realities and hopes of modern societies.

Expressionism

  • Expressionism, artistic style in which the artist seeks to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse within a person. The artist accomplishes this aim through distortion, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal elements. 
  • Expressionism refers to art in which the image of reality is distorted in order to make it expressive of the artist’s feelings or ideas.

Figurative Art

  • Figurative art describes any form of modern art that retains strong references to the real world and particularly to the human figure. The term has been particularly used since the arrival of abstract art to refer to artists that retain aspects of the real world as their subject matter, though in a general sense figurative also applies retrospectively to all art before abstract art. Pablo Picasso is accredited with the success of Figurative Art.
  • What is the difference between figurative art and abstract art?
  • Most, but not all, abstract art is based on imagery from the real world. The most “extreme” form of abstract art is not connected to the visible world and is known as nonrepresentational. Representational art or figurative art represents objects or events in the real world, usually looking easily recognizable.

Art Nouveau

  • Art Nouveau, ornamental style of art that flourished between about 1890 and 1910 throughout Europe and the United States. Art Nouveau is characterized by its use of a long, sinuous, organic line and was employed most often in architecture, interior design, jewelry and glass design, posters, and illustration

Contemporary Art

  • Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the second half of the 20th century or in the 21st century. Contemporary artists work in a globally influenced, culturally diverse, and technologically advancing world.
  • Their art is a dynamic combination of materials, methods, concepts, and subjects that continue the challenging of boundaries that was already well underway in the 20th century. Diverse and eclectic, contemporary art as a whole is distinguished by the very lack of a uniform, organising principle, ideology. Contemporary art is part of a cultural dialogue that concerns larger contextual frameworks such as personal and cultural identity, family, community, and nationality

ART TERMINOLOGY YOU MAY NOT KNOW

  • ARTIST’S PROOF Artist’s proofs are signed ‘A/P’ and are considered a status symbol in the world of art collecting. They come about when an artist is creating a series of prints and receives proofs to check quality and color. If the artist decides to sell them, they will come at a premium price, due to their limited number.
  • GICLEE’ ZHēˈklā is a technology for fine art or photograph reproduction using a high-quality inkjet printer to make individual copies.
  • What is the difference between a giclee’ and a print?
  •  A Giclée canvas print is a high-quality print using the best practice and the best quality printer, canvas and ink that is available.  It does not refer to only canvas printing but also to art reproductions on paper.
  • FIXATIVE is a solution, usually of shellac and alcohol, sprayed onto drawings and pastels, to prevent their smudging or crumbling off the support.  There is a workable fixative and a final fixative.  Some pastel artists do not use them as they can alter the effect and color of the artwork.
  • MEDIUM is the liquid in which pigments are suspended. Also, a material chosen by the artist for working. With acrylic paints, there is a wide variety of mediums that you canGloss MediumMatte Medium, Glazing Medium, Gel MediumModeling Paste, Texture Gels, Retarding Medium, and Flow Improver.  
  • MIXED MEDIA In drawing and painting this refers to the use of different media in the same picture.
  • PLEIN AIR French for “open air”. Term describing paintings done outside directly from the subject.  Plein air artists capture the spirit and essence of a landscape or subject by incorporating natural light, color, and movement into their works.